We have previously written about top programming languages in 2020 however this time we would like to pay attention to Java – one of the leading languages and its frameworks and their importance in 2020. Being ranked as one of the Top Java developers, SCAND team is aware of all the benefits this language brings to the development of all kinds of apps and systems. Although Java is one of the oldest software programming languages, it is still widely used for the development of ERP systems, banking and finance systems, blockchain and cryptocurrency exchanges, healthcare and big data solutions as well as for the creation of mobile applications.
The most significant benefit of the Java language is that it is open-source and has a big and strong community of developers. Thus, many great frameworks were built on the basis of Java for the development of web applications, network applications, ORM, etc. Let’s have a look at the most popular Java frameworks that are widely used in 2020.
1. Spring Framework
Spring is an open-source framework mainly used for the development of enterprise applications both web and mobile. It includes different components like the Spring Core, Spring Web MVC, Spring AOP, Spring DAO, Spring context, Spring ORM, and Spring Web Flow. It can also be used with Kotlin and Groovy.
Such companies as Netflix and eBay are using Spring for the development of their apps and systems.
The main benefits of Spring:
- Allows to write clean and accessible code;
- Lightweight and easy-to-deploy;
- Has XML and annotation-style configuration compatibility;
- Supports dependency injection.
The only drawback of Spring framework is it’s complexity for the beginners with no knowledge in Java programming. Some basic knowledge in Java is required to work with this framework.
2. Apache Struts
Struts is a free, open-source Java framework for developing compelling web applications. Struts can be easily integrated with other Java frameworks. For example, it can be used as a Spring plugin for dependency injection or as a Hibernate plugin for object-relational mapping.
The main benefits of Struts:
- Has a plugin-based architecture;
- Easy to set up;
- Flexible and easy to use;
- Faster time to development.
However, in order to use Struts the developer should know Java Servlet API as well as JSP (Java Server Pages). Otherwise it might require some time to get familiar with the framework. The framework is not suitable for the development of small applications.
Grails is an open-source framework for Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is built on top of Spring Boot and runs with Groovy programming language. It is compatible with JDK, Java EE containers, Hibernate, Spring, and Quartz.
Grails can be used for the development of all kinds of applications. Such companies as Oracle, IBM, Netflix, Cisco and Google are using Grails for applications development.
The main benefits of Grails:
- Easy to set-up and get started;
- Integrates easily with already written Java code;
- Has a huge number of plugins.
Grails is a good choice for time-sensitive projects as well as for startup projects. So if it is a small or medium-size project then Grails is a good fit. Grails’ simplicity also allows RAD development in real time.
Hibernate – an object-relational mapping (ORM) Java framework mainly used for dealing with databases. Hibernate easily communicates with any database and is incredibly convenient when working with multiple databases.
The main benefits of Hibernate:
- Easy to scale;
- Easy to modify and configure;
- Easy to convert data for multiple databases.
Hibernate simplifies application development and the way it interacts with the database. It is perfect for OOP-type projects that require high productivity and portability at the same time.
5. JSF (JavaServer Faces)
JSF is a Java based web application framework developed and maintained by Oracle. Mainly used for the development of server-based applications and to simplify the development integration of web-based user interfaces. JSF is quite similar to Struts.
The main benefits of JSF:
- Has reusable UI components;
- Rich libraries;
- Helps to improve productivity and consistency.
JSF is a great choice for web application development, however, a deep understanding of Java is required, otherwise it would be too complex to use it due to the complexity of this framework.
In case you are uncertain which framework works best for your project, do not hesitate to contact us. Or if you want to hire a Java developer with the knowledge in several Java frameworks, we are always at hand. We have more than 20+ years of experience in the development of web, desktop and mobile applications with Java frameworks and have completed more than 600 projects successfully. Feel free to get in touch!