According to Wikipedia, there are almost 700 programming languages in the world and most likely you have never heard about some of them. As a custom software development company with a rich stack of technologies and 20+ years of experience, we know which one to choose for delivering the best possible solution. In this blog post, we want to highlight the top programming languages to use in 2020.
The Most Learned Languages
To see the popularity of languages among beginners and those who continue to expand personal technology stack, let us take a look at the PYPL index for February 2020. PYPL (PopularitY of Programming Languages) shows how often people search for language tutorials and learning courses in Google.
The ‘Other languages’ section contains 22 languages with notably smaller percentages of being searched for. However, there are two languages demonstrating significant popularity growth: Kotlin (+4 positions) and Dart (+7 positions). We believe they will continue to attract more attention and should be considered for learning.
The Most Utilized Languages
Now let us take a look at the languages that are actively used for software development. For that purpose, we will use GitHub’s statistics showing the popularity of languages over the past 5 years by repository contributors.
We also want to mention the use of the languages that are not as popular as mentioned above yet demonstrating considerable growth of popularity compared to the previous year. Here are the 5 languages we want to highlight:
With such enormous growth, these languages are worth attention from both new-learners and experienced software developers.
One more source we want to pay attention to — the TIOBE index. It is updated every month and shows the popularity of programming languages based on the number of learning courses, skilled developers, and other related data provided by top search engines (Google, Yahoo, Bing, Amazon, Youtube, etc.) Here is the table representing the top 10 languages in February 2020 as well as their rating in February 2019 — to see the dynamics:
Top 10 Languages to Use in 2020
Keeping all the mentioned information in mind and combining it with our 20+ years of experience in software development, we want to highlight the top 10 programming languages.
Being the most learned at the moment, Python will soon increase its utilization popularity as well. Due to elegant and simple syntax, it is considered to be the easiest language to learn and is used for teaching programming. It is widely used for machine learning (ML), deep learning (DL), data science as well as for mathematics, statistics, computational science. Being both simple and powerful, Python allows streamlining the development process of robust applications: web or mobile.
C++ appeared as an improved version of the C language introducing object-oriented features. It offers a lot of compilers and libraries to build powerful and reliable solutions that can handle high performance and rich functionality. C++ easily adapts to ecosystem or hardware changes and is a perfect option for cloud computing as well as for game development. It is one of the most difficult languages to learn.
C# is a multi-paradigm programming language created by Microsoft to run on its .NET framework. It combines the code compilation like in C++ with Java-like syntax. C# allows developing fast and feature-rich applications of any complexity across multiple domains: native apps for iOS and Android (with the help of Xamarin), desktop apps for Windows or Linux, complex web systems, etc.
Released by Google in 2011, Dart is a champion in growing popularity right now (+532% in a year). This language can be called user-oriented as it is focused on developing best-in-class user interfaces while providing excellent performance across all kinds of platforms and devices. Dart is mainly used with Flutter, a wide-spread UI toolkit from Google that allows building beautiful and user-friendly web and mobile applications.
Rust is another programming language with fast-growing popularity (+235% in a year). It is used for building VR applications, game engines, operating systems, etc. Being fast and memory-efficient, Rust is a perfect choice for powering performance-critical solutions and running on embedded devices.
Kotlin is another modern general-purpose programming language (released in 2015) that keeps gaining popularity. It runs on JVM (Java virtual machine) and allows using the multitude of Java’s libraries. Having a much more simple and clean code than Java, Kotlin offers the developer productivity close to Python’s. Due to all of these significant advantages, it is now the main language for android app development.
The key idea behind the diversity of programming language is that each task can be solved in a variety of ways and approaches. Each software solution can be focused on its specific goals and achieve them by different means. So, it is crucial to know the possibilities of each tool and analyze its potential for meeting particular business needs.
With 20+ years of experience and 600+ successfully completed projects, SCAND software development team perfectly knows and actively uses a rich toolset of both classic and modern programming languages as well as their frameworks, libraries, etc. Contact us to ask your questions and get any additional information.